Warning: A non-numeric value encountered in /home/web2cowi/public_html/wp-content/themes/astra/inc/class-astra-dynamic-css.php on line 3458
Horseshoe Arch - Architectural Elements Of Churches - Coptic Wiki


A arch is a arch that narrows at the base. It appears occasionally in imperial Roman of the second century A.D., for example, at Villa degli Setti Bassi (Ashby, 1907,p. 99, pl. 7), but is otherwise very rare. There are a few early examples from Asia Minor and Syria (Hauschild and Schlunk, 1978, pp. 92-93). It is found in the early Middle Ages in Umayyad in and the Mozarabic disseminated from it in Spain. The Church of al-Hayz in al-Bahariyyah Oasis (Fakhry, 1950, pp. 55-60) is an example of an Egyptian church that contains several arches.


  • Ashby, T. “The Classical Topography of the Roman Campagna.”
  • Papers of the British School at Rome 4 (1907):3-153.
  • Fakhry, A. Baharia Oasis. Cairo, 1950.
  • Hauschild, T., and H. Schlunk. Hispania Antiqua. Mainz, 1978.