HESYCHIUS OF

An Alexandrian Greek lexicographer probably of the fourth or fifth century. Little is known about his background. He is sometimes described in later as a pagan. To the world of scholarship, he is known solely through his monumental Greek dictionary, in which he dealt with the varied Greek and incorporated a vocabulary of patristic letters, notably that of Saint CYRIL I, patriarch of Alexandria.

However, his work is based on the second-century Greek dictionary of Diogenianus of Heraclea as well as the work of a number of other Greek lexicographers. His has survived in a mutilated fifteenth-century manuscript preserved at Venice (National Marcan Library, no. 622) and by J. Alberti in the eighteenth century and M. in the nineteenth century.

  • Pauly’s Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissen-schaft, 1322. G. Wissowa, Vol. 16, cols. 1317-1322. Stuttgart, 1913.