Hesychian Bible


The text of the revised by Hesychius, Egyptian bishop of an unspecified diocese in the third century. He was a native of Alexandria, often wrongly identified with his namesake the lexicographer of the second century, who was a pagan. Hesychius the bishop is credited with the revision not only of the Septuagint but also of the or at least the in circulation in Egypt. This recension is mentioned by as the work of Hesychius with the collaboration of Lucian of .

According to , Hesychius was martyred under with three contemporaries: , Phileas, and . The four had written a letter dated A.D. 296, now available in a Latin version, to the schismatic Melitius, Bishop of in , reprimanding him for irregular ordinations.

Criticisms have been made of the Hesychian text for undue additions to the Gospels that render them more apocryphal than truthful.


  • Kenyon, F. A. “Hesychius and the Text of the New Testament.” In Cinquantenaire de l’Ecole biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem (15 novembre 1890-15 novembre 1940). Memorial Lagrange. Paris, 1940.
  • Venables, E. “Hesychius (3).” In DCB, Vol. 3. pp. 7-8.

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