Hawwariyyah

HAWWARIYYAH

The ruins now in the domain of the present village of Hawwariyyah (west of ‘Amriyyah) are frequently identified with the ancient Marea. The excavations undertaken there for some years by the University of have, however, so far brought to light only the remains of late-antique buildings of the fourth century and later. Remains of the harbor, today become marshy, and several moles were always visible.

A new discovery was a wide paved street on the bank, with a covered portico on the landward side. Behind it stood some granary buildings, as well as a large, two-part bathhouse with two communal rooms (apodyteria), each built as a double-apse hall. The actual bath chambers have so far not been cleared. This bathhouse may belong to the fourth or early fifth century. Farther to the east, on a projecting peninsula, a public latrine, a mill, and at the eastern border of this peninsula a large transept basilica have come to light, the last so far only partly excavated. The transept of this had three aisles like the other examples of this kind in Egypt (ABU MINA, al-ASHMUNAYN), and the ends of it were half-rounded. Inland, finally, were discovered a wine press and a simply constructed building, probably to be regarded as an inn or traveler’s halting place. It contains two courtyards developed as peristyles through simple arrangements of columns, around which the guest rooms are distributed. In addition, the building contains a large latrine, as well as a small chapel with an unusually rich opus sectile (mosaic) floor on the east side. It is placed between two peristyles.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Fakharani, F. al-. Recent Excavations at Marea in Egypt, pp. 175-86. Das Römisch-Byzantinische Ägypten. Akten des internationalen Symposions 1978 in Trier. Mainz, 1983.
  • Gabel, C., and K. Petruso. “Marea: A Byzantine Port on Egypt’s Northwestern Frontier.” Archaeology 36, ser. 5 (1983) :62-63, 76-77.
  • Rodjewicz, M. Archaeological Evidence on Christian and its Environs. Acts of the Third International Congress of Coptic Studies. Warsaw, 1984.