A Sethian Gnostic tractate containing a mythological account of the heavenly world and its various emanations, a cosmogony, and an account of the saving activity of Seth on behalf of his “race” (Gnostics). The text also contains allusions to Gnostic ritual activity. The title, “Gospel of the Egyptians,” obviously secondary, occurs at the beginning of a colophon at the end of the text, but there is also a subscript title at the very end, “The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit,” which reflects phraseology found in the opening passage.
This tractate is to be distinguished from an apocryphal Gospel of the Egyptians, of which only fragments remain. Extant only in Coptic, it was originally composed in Greek, probably in third-century Egypt.