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General Ya‘Qub (1745-1801) - Coptic Wiki

GENERAL YA‘QUB (1745-1801)

He was born at Mallawi in Middle in 1745. He was one of the powerful Coptic laymen who contributed to the of the in the 18th and 19th centuries. He was a financial commissioner of Asyut’s governor Sulayman Bey. Ya‘qub concluded that neither the Turks nor the were good for Egypt.

He accompanied General Louis Desaix to fight the fleeing beys in Upper Egypt. He received permission from French General Kleber to form the Coptic Legion. In 1800, he defended the Coptic quarter, which was a target of mobs during a siege of three weeks.

The Coptic under the leadership of clearly demonstrated that native could learn how to fight, and many joined the army. General Ya‘qub was the first Egyptian in modern times who spoke of an independent Egypt. He hoped that European powers might help to free from the rule of the and Ottomans.

He left for France not long after the withdrawal of the from Egypt. In 1800, the old Coptic Cathedral at al-Azbakiah was built on land belonging to General Ya‘qub, one year before his death.