A liturgical prayer recited after the anaphora and prior to communion. The Fraction prayers are first attested in Serapion’s fourth century Euchologion and they are recited in many Eastern liturgies such as the Liturgy of Mark, Gregory, Basil, John Chrysostom, and James.
In the printed edition of the Euchologion, there are 20 Fraction prayers, with each liturgy containing one prayer and with 17 in an appendix. The most recent is translated from Syriac to Arabic and finally to Coptic. In editing the Euchologion, Hegumen Abd al-Masih Salih al-Mas’udi mentioned the existence of many prayers.
He made a critical study to choose the most well known that corresponded to the dogma and traditions of the Coptic Church.