ERNST KÜHNEL (1882-1964)

A German scholar. He was director of the Islamic Department of the Museum (1931-1951); professor at the University of Berlin (1935-1954); consultant to the Museum in Washington, D.C.; and member of many academies. He worked in all branches of , notably on the connection between Coptic and Islamic art, especially textiles.

His major works are Late Antique Coptic and Islamic Textiles of Egypt, with W. F. Volbach (London, 1926); “La Tradition copte dans les tissus musulmans” (Bulletin de la Société d’archéologie copte 4, 1938, pp. 79-89); “Koptische Kunst im islamischen Ägypten” (in Koptische Kunst, Christentum am Nil: Catalogue of the Exhibition in the Villa Hügel, Essen, May-August 1963, Essen, 1963, pp. 153- 56); and “Nachwirkungen der koptischen Kunst im islamischen Ägypten” (in Christentum am Nil. Internationale Arbeitstagung zur Ausstellung “Koptische Kunst” Essen, Villa Hügel, 23.-25.7.1963, Recklinghausen, 1964, pp. 257-59).


  • Ettinghausen, R. “In memoriam Ernst Kühnel.” Madrider Mitteilungen 6 (1965):215-36.
  • Kühnel-Kunze, I. “Aus der Welt der Islamischen Kunst.” In Festschrift für Ernst Kühnel zum 75. Geburtstag am 26.10.1957. Berlin, 1959.

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