One of the monasteries in the coastal strip separating Lake Mareotis from the sea, west of Alexandria. The site has not been located. Like the ENATON or the OKTOKAIDEKATON, it was so called from the number of milestones (in this case twenty) separating it from Alexandria (Raabe, 1895, pp. 64-65). According to R. Raabe, its monks took part in 457 in the election of the “Coptic” archbishop TIMOTHY AELURUS.
John Moschus places at the Eikoston the LAURA of al-QALAMUN. He visited there the holy man Abba Theodorus in company with Sophronius (Pratum Spirituale). This monastery is most certainly mentioned by JOHN OF NIKIOU (Zotenberg, 1877, p. 476). Timothy Aelurus is said to have been a monk there.
If we follow the Greek text of Moschus to the letter, we deduce that 2 miles (3.2 km) west of al-Qalamun was the place called Maphora. According to the undated STELA (Lefebvre, 1907, p. 14) the Byzantine monk George, from the cenobium of Maphora, was buried at Dikhaylah, the probable site of the PEMPTON.
- Lefebvre, G. Recueil des inscriptions grecques-chrétiennes d’Egypte. Cairo, 1907.
- Raabe, R. S. Petrus der Iberer. Leipzig, 1895.
- Zotenberg, H. “Mémoire sur la chronique byzantine de Jean, évêque de Nikiou.” Journal asiatique, ser. 7, 10 (1877):451-517; 12 (1878):245-347; 13 (1879):291-386.