TO THE HOLY

“Glory be to the Father and the Son and the .” According to the historian Philostorgius, around 350 the opponents of Leontius of composed the doxology “Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit,” emphasizing that both the Son and the Holy Spirit were consubstantial with the Father.

This was in contrast to the traditional version, “Glory be to the Father through the Son and in the Holy Spirit,” which seemed to imply a subordination of the latter two to the Father.

GAWDAT GABRA