The word doxology is composed from two Greek words: “doxa” meaning “good report, glory,” and “logos,” meaning “word, expression.” Hence, the combined meaning is “the expression of glory.” The doxology is a hymn used in the Coptic Church to commemorate an event or a church personality. It is usually a short hymn of 5-10 stanzas. There are two types of doxologies. The first is the doxology to the Batos tune, sung during Vespers, Matins, and Psalmodia. The second is the doxology to the Adam tune sung especially during the Rite of Glorification.
The doxologies provide a valuable background to Coptic literature, giving a brief summary of the martyrdom, miracles, and so forth of many saints. Some doxologies, such as the Doxology of St. Pshoi, are a historical reference. This doxology narrates the translation of the relics of St. Bshoi from Upper Egypt to his monastery during the patriarchate of the Patriarch Joseph (831-849 a.d.). The doxology to the Adam tune used for the morning service, which occurs also in the Byzantine rite, was introduced to the Coptic Church by the Monastery of St Antony. It seems to be a late translation from Greek to Coptic. It is hard to date the doxologies.
The Doxologies of St. Pshoi and the Morning Doxology were written in the ninth century. For editions, see also Psalmodia and Theotokia.