On the , about 6 miles (10 km) south of , and hence of the town of al-Minshah (the ancient /), are the ruins of a village, a , and a named for Saint John. A little farther to the south, in the quarries at the foot of the , some indicate that hermits lived there. Some invoke among others an ; one may consult Morgan and (1894, pp. 370-1) and (1908, p. 18). More recent excavations are described by (1979, pp. 103-40).


  • Klemm, D. R. “Bericht über die erste Gelandekampagne im September/Oktober 1977.” Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur 7 (1979):103-140.
  • Morgan, J. de, and U. Bouriant. “Note sur les carrières antiques de Ptolemais (Menshiyèh).” Mémoires de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale 8 (1894):370-71.
  • Sayce, A. H. “Notes on Assyrian and .” Proceedings of the Society of Biblical 30 (1908):13-18.

, S.J.

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