Dayr Posidonios


The place, which disappeared no doubt at the Arab conquest, situated “in the mountain of Armant” and known through a found near the DAYR AL-BAKHIT (Petrie, 1909, pl. 47), two ostraca (unpublished) from QURNAT MAR‘I, and some inscriptions in the caves of the mountain of Armant. J. Doresse has given this site its present name (1949, p. 345), based on the remains of painting and with the names of and Posidonios. Posidonios was without doubt the founder and donor or the superior.

He appears to be different from the monk living in Palestine of whom PALLADIUS speaks in his . In the ostraca from Qurnat Mar‘i it is called a topos; this suggests not a true monastery but a gathering place where the hermits living in the neighborhood met on Saturday and Sunday every week. The monastery is also mentioned, in passing, by Meinardus (1965, p. 321; 1977, p. 435).


  • Doresse, J. “Monastères coptes aux environs d’Armant, en Thébaïde.” Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949):327-49.
  • Meinardus, O. Christian Egypt, Ancient and Modern. Cairo, 1965; 2d ed., 1977.
  • Petrie, W. M. F., and J. H. Walker. Qurneh. British of Archaeology in 16. London, 1909.