DAYR EBIFANIA

The of the Copts, in its recension from Lower Egypt, indicates that the patriarch , thirty-fourth , lived in this Monastery of the Epiphany after his election because of political and religious circumstances. The monastery, it is said, was situated to the south of that of , in the region. Unfortunately, the copyists mistranslated the Greek name, and in the manuscripts used by R. and J. Forget it became in Arabic transcription the Monastery of al-Faniyah or Anbaniyah. Only the Cairo edition of ‘Abd al-Masih Mikha’il and Armaniyus Habashi Shata al-Birmawi (1935-1937; repr., 1972, Vol. 2, p. 376), preserves the true reading, which was that of the manuscripts used. Likewise, the most ancient manuscript, dating from 1470 ( . Christ. 152 [Add. 267], fol. 275, 25 Ba’unah), gives abifania.

Furthermore,  , an author at the end of the and beginning of the thirteenth, mentions a monastery “of his epiphany” in the Mareotis area (1984, p. 174). A list of the churches and had already been given after Abu al-Makarim’s text by Philuthawus ‘Awad in (1930-1932, Vol. 2, p. 240), which carries the same text.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • ‘Abd al-Masih, Mikha’il, and Armaniyus Habashi Shata al-Birmawi, eds. Al-Sinaksar, 2 vols. Cairo, 1935-1937.
  • Abu al-Makarim. Tarikh al-Kana’is wa al-Adyirah fi al-Qarn al- Thani ‘Ashar al-Miladi li-Abi al-Makarim, ed. Samu’il al- Suryani. Cairo, 1984.
  • Simaykah, M. Dalil al-Mathaf al Qibti, 2 vols. Cairo, 1930-1932.

MAURICE MARTIN, S.J.

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