Dayr Anba Pisentius

DAYR ANBA PISENTIUS

In 1926 W. E. CRUM left unanswered the question of the location of the monastery of Tsenti (al-Qassas in Arabic), where PISENTIUS, bishop of at the beginning of the seventh century, habitually lived and where it seems he died.

‘ABD AL-MASIH SALIB AL-MASU‘DI al-Baramusi (1932, p. 184), however, mentions “in the mountain of which extends to the west of Naqadah, the dayr of St. Anba Bisantawus, bishop of Qift, to the south of Dayr Mar Jirjis, also called Dayr al-Majma‘.” He specified that formerly only the of the saint was there, but that “around the year 1904 the dayr was built, that is to say a and round it a wall enclosing about two feddans.”

The map of the Survey of Egypt (1943, 1954) marks at the edge of the desert to the west of the of al-Bahri Qamulah, the Dayr Anba Pisentius, about 430 yards (400 meters) south of DAYR AL- MAJMA‘, still called Dayr Mar Jirjis.

It seems then that the Dayr al-Majma‘ is indeed the monastery of Tsenti, of which the life of Pisentius speaks and near which Pisentius himself was buried. ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN (1895, pp. 233-34) speaks of a monastery of Saint Pisentius, to the west of Qus (no doubt the Dayr al-Majma‘), outside of which was the of the saint.

This monastery and are not mentioned by O. Meinardus.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Masu‘di al-Baramusi. Kitab Tuhfat al-Sa’ilin fi Dhikr Adyirat Ruhban al-Misriyyin. Cairo, 1932.
  • Winlock, H. E., and W. E. Crum. The Monastery of Epiphanius at , Pt. 1: The Archeological Material. New York, 1926.

RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

MARTIN, S. J.