DAYR ANBA BAKHUM
A small monastery on the Nile’s left bank, near Medamud, about 5 miles (8 km) from the ruins of the temples of Karnak and close to the present Luxor airport, to the north of this town.
The first to name it, although he said nothing very precise, appears to have been C. SICARD, in 1718 (1982, Vol. 1, p. 58). It was described at the beginning of the twentieth century by M. JULLIEN (1903, p. 283). S. CLARKE (1912, pp. 120-21) gave the plan of it and inserted it into his final list of the churches of Egypt (p. 215, no. 22). Johann Georg (1914, pp. 54-55; 1930, p. 48) noted it in his wanderings.
A local legend was reported by G. LEGRAIN (1914, pp. 37-43); this legend can only hold good for a nineteenth-century reconstruction of the monastery, since the latter is mentioned by Sicard, as has been said. The dayr was also noted by ‘ABD AL- MASIH SALIB (1932, p. 180), who remarked that it was served by the clergy of Luxor and that it is ancient. Its present situation was given by O. Meinardus (1965, pp. 307-308; 1977, p. 421).
- ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Masu‘di al-Baramusi. Kitab Tuhfat al-Sa’ilin fi Dhikr Adyirat Ruhban al-Misriyyin. Cairo, 1932.
- Clarke, S. Christian Antiquities in the Nile Valley. Oxford, 1912. Johann Georg, Prince of Saxony. Streifzüge durch die Kirchen und Klöster Ägyptens. Leipzig, 1914.
- . Neue Streifzüge durch die Kirchen und Klöster Ägyptens. Leipzig and Berlin, 1930.
- Jullien, M. “Quelques anciens couvents de l’Egypte.” Missions catholiques 35 (1903):188-90, 198-202, 212-14, 237-40, 250-52, 257-58, 274-76, 283-84.
- Legrain, G. Louqsor sans les pharaons. Paris and Brussels, 1914. Meinardus, C. Christian Egypt, Ancient and Modern. Cairo, 1965; 2nd ed. 1977.
- Sicard, C. Oeuvres, ed. S. Sauneron and M. Martin, 3 vols. Bibliothèque d’étude 83-85. Cairo, 1982.
MAURICE MARTIN, S. J.