Dayr Al-Ahmar (Giza)


This monastery was mentioned in the beginning of the thirteenth century by ABU THE ARMENIAN (1895, p. 177), who spoke of a church dedicated to called Dayr al-Ahmar (Red Monastery). He added that it was on the edge of the Nile and that it contained a church dedicated to Saints AND DAMIAN. He situated this church at Tamuh. It is probably the same church, given the rarity of the dedication. It was restored at a period earlier than Abu Salih. The author clearly distinguished it from the great of the Jews, which was also situated at Tamuh.

Al-MAQRIZI (1853, Vol. 2, p. 504) spoke of the monastery of Saints and Damian at Tamuh and equally of the of the at the same place.

Unfortunately, the of Tamuh no longer exists. There is, though, a church of Saints and Damian in the region, at Manyal Shihah (Clarke, 1912, p. 205, no. 6). This Dayr al-Ahmar then was at Manyal Shihah. This identification was proposed by J. Muyser (1952, p. 179, n. 15). advanced the same hypothesis (1953-1968, Vol. 2, pt. 3, pp. 20-21).


  • Clarke, S. Christian in the . London, 1912. Muyser, J. “Un ‘Psali’ pour la première heure du Samedi de la joie.” Le Muséon 65 (1952):175-84.
  • Ramzi,  M.  Al-Qamus  al-Jughrafi  lil-Bilad  al  Misriyyah,  3  vols. Cairo, 1953-1968.