Column – Architectural Elements Of Churches


A column is a vertical architectural support that is circular in plan and slender in contrast to a pillar (see below), which is often rectangular and usually heavier. A column consists of two elements—a shaft and a capital—and usually a base; often it has entasis, a slight convexity. In the Ptolemaic and early Byzantine periods, Egyptian architects abandoned their traditional baseless columns and adopted two of the five classical orders developed in Greece and Rome, the Ionic and the Corinthian.

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