After baptism, candidates are anointed with the oil of thanksgiving. Then they go into the church and receive the laying on of hands and are anointed with the chrism of . A priest administers this rite in the Coptic Church.

The patriarch and the bishops consecrate the oil of chrism. After a short over the holy chrism, the anoints the with it by making the sign of the cross 36 times on different parts of the body.