Places

Abu Tij

ABU TIJ A town on the west bank of the Nile just south of the city  of Asyut in the province of Asyut. Abu Tij served in antiquity as the depot for grain gathered for shipment to Rome. Accordingly it was known in Egyptian as Pa-Chna and in Greek as Apotheke, both of which mean …

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Abusir Al-Malaq

ABUSIR AL-MALAQ A town located between the Nile and the Fayyum in the province of Bani Suef. It was known in Greek as Busiris and in earlier Arabic literature as Busir Quridis (M. Ramzi, 1960). As evidenced by archaeological finds from the earliest period of Egyptian history, Abusir al-Malaq has a very long history. It …

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Abusir Bana

ABUSIR BANA A town located in the Egyptian Delta about three miles south of SAMANNUD in the province of al-Gharbiyyah. Its Greek name was Busiris. Although Abusir Bana had a reputation as late as the Byzantine period for its devotion to Isis, Christianity also has a long tradition in the town. One of the bishops …

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Abusir

ABUSIR A modern village a few miles south of Cairo and famous for the pyramids from the Old Kingdom of Sahurê (Fifth Dynasty), Neferikare (Fifth Dynasty), and Ne-user-Rê (Fifth Dynasty). In the village, itself are the remains of a temple from the New Kingdom, probably dedicated to Osiris. It is possible that the town Busiris, …

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Abydos

ABYDOS   One of the most renowned sites in ancient Egypt. Situated on the left bank of the Nile about 7 miles (11 km) from the town of al-Balyana, it was reputed to be the repository of the head of Osiris. For this reason, it was much frequented as a place of pilgrimage, as is …

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Abuqir (Canopus)

ABUQIR (Canopus) A city located on the northern coast of the western Delta, 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Alexandria. The village’s name is an abbreviated Arabic form of the name of the Coptic saint Apa Cyrus, who taught Christianity in this area in the third century and was buried there after his death. Near …

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Abu Mina

ABU MINA A pilgrimage center in the Libyan desert where the tomb of Saint MENAS THE MIRACLE MAKER was venerated from the fourth century on. It was about 28 miles (46 km) southwest of Alexandria, near Lake Mareotis. The settlement consisted of a civil area and an ecclesiastical area, which included Menas’ tomb, a market, …

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