Jewish Words

Adonai

Adonai n. Hebrew (ah-doe-NYE) Literally, “my Lord.” Another name for God, and the one used most often in prayers. Because God’s name is so sacred, it is not spoken as it is written. The Hebrew letters (yud, hay, vav, and hay) that spell the name are read only as Adonai. See also Adoshem, ha-Shem, and …

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Adar II

Adar II n. Hebrew (ah-DAR TWO) Seven times in every 19 years, an extra month is inserted in the Jewish calendar, creating a leap year. Adar II comes after the month of Adar, in March or April. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 …

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Adar

Adar n. Hebrew (ah-DAR) The twelfth month in the Jewish calendar, it falls around February or March. In leap years, when a second Adar is added, the first is called Adar I. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and …

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acharonim

acharonim pl. n. Hebrew (ack-row-NEEM) acharon sing. n. (ack-hah-RON) From the Hebrew word for “later.” A term for rabbis and scholars from the 16th century (after the rishonim) to the present. Isaac Luria is one of the well-known acharonim. plural noun noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of …

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abba

abba n. Hebrew (AH-bah) Literally, “father.” Some Jewish children are taught to use the word Abba instead of “Daddy” when referring to their father. “I’m done with my homework, Abba. Can we go to the playground now?”[1]   noun [1]Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over …

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Aaron

Aaron Older brother of Moses. Aaron was a leading figure in the Passover story and the Exodus from Egypt. He is generally thought to be the first high priest of the ancient Hebrews.   Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays …

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