Heritage

Water Jugs And Stands

WATER JUGS AND STANDS Throughout the Egyptian countryside, one often sees water jugs in front of houses, supported either by stands of solid stonework or by wooden tripods. These jugs are filled with water, then carefully plugged so that the contents are protected from insects and dust. The water, which seeps through the porous bottom …

Water Jugs And Stands Read More »

Greek Transcriptions

GREEK TRANSCRIPTIONS The rendering of Egyptian proper names into Greek characters was a first step toward the writing of Egyptian in an alphabetical script, that is, toward the creation of the Coptic script (see PRE-COPTIC). These proper names are mainly thousands of Egyptian anthroponyms, toponyms, and temple names, as well as names of gods, divine …

Greek Transcriptions Read More »

Music

MUSIC The Coptic Church uses more than one tune. The yearly tune, is used for all days except some feasts, fasting, and other occasions. The tune of Joy (Faraihi) is used from the first day of Tut, the beginning of the year, until the feast of the Cross, then in the dominical feasts and in …

Music Read More »

Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE Comparatively little Coptic literature, which is almost entirely religious, has survived. Coptic literature flourished from the fourth to the ninth century. The 10th and the 11th centuries did not witness new literary works; literary activity was limited to editing and compiling older works. Most of the Coptic literature is written in codices, the …

Coptic Literature Read More »

Coptic Art

COPTIC ART Coptic art is a distinctive art associated with Christianity in Egypt. It is the richest art of the Eastern Christian arts. It appeared in the third or fourth century and began to flourish in the fifth century. Coptic art can only be understood and appreciated in the light of Egypt’s economic and social …

Coptic Art Read More »

Contemporary Coptic Art

CONTEMPORARY COPTIC ART The school of contemporary Coptic art was established in Cairo by Isaac Fanous in the 1960s. It reflects the deep roots of ancient Egyptian and Coptic arts combined with the Coptic theology and culture. Icons represent its major production. Wall paintings, mosaics, and stained-glass windows decorate a considerable number of modern Coptic …

Contemporary Coptic Art Read More »

Cross-In-Square

CROSS-IN-SQUARE Also called quincunx, the most important type of church building of the middle and late Byzantine periods of the Byzantine empire. It characteristically consists of an approximately square room, the naos, from which is cut out an internal cross-shaped unit by erecting four columns at the center and joining them by means of arches …

Cross-In-Square Read More »