Dictionaries

ABEL

ABEL Abel (Ἄβελ) has the first place in the roll of ‘the elders’ (οἱ πρεσβύτεροι, He 11:2), or men of past generations, who by their faith pleased God and had witness borne to them. It Is recorded of him that he offered unto God a more excellent Sacrifice (πλείονα θυσίαν) than his older brother (He …

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ABBA

ABBA Abba is the emphatic form of the Aram. word for ‘father’ (see Dalman, Aram. Gram. p. 98, for אב and its various forms; also Maclean, in DCG, s.v.). It is found only in three passages in the NT, viz. Mk 14:36, Ro 8:15, Gal 4:6; in each case ὁ πατήρ is subjoined to Ἀββᾶ, …

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ABADDON The word is found in the NT only in Rev 9:11. In the OT text ’ăbhaddôn occurs six times (only in the Wisdom literature), AV in each case rendering ‘destruction,’ while RV gives ‘Destruction’ in Job 28:22; 31:12, Ps 88:11, but ‘Abaddon’ in Job 26:6, Pr 15:11; 27:20, on the ground, as stated by …

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AARON’S ROD

AARON’S ROD Aaron’s rod is mentioned only in He 9:4, which locates the rod in the ark. An earlier tradition (Nu 17:10; cf. 1 K 8:9) preserves it ‘before’ the ark, on the spot on which it had budded (see HDB i. 3b). In either case the object was to secure a standing witness to …

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AARON

AARON By name Aaron is mentioned in the NT only by St. Luke (Lk 1:5, Ac 7:40) and by the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews (5:4; 7:11; 9:4), and in his personal history very little interest is taken. Officially, he was represented to be the first of a long line of high priests, …

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