Coptic art in the Coptic museum

Coptic art in the Coptic museum Coptic art began to emerge in Egypt around 300 A.D. In form, style, and content it was quite different from the art of Pharaonic Egypt. How’ did this come about? Broadly speaking, there were two causes. The first is that indigenous Egyptian art had been in contact with the […]

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Altar-Board (Maqta‘ Or Al-Lawh Al-Khashab)

ALTAR-BOARD (maqta‘ or al-lawh al-khashab) A consecrated rectangular wooden panel set into a special slot on the surface of the altar to be used as a substitute reliquary, when needed. Usually it is decorated with a cross and bears the signs ΙΧΘΥΣ (Jesus Christ Son of God) in the four squares between the arms of […]

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Women Bibliography

WOMEN BIBLIOGRAPHY Behlmer, Heike. “Women and the Holy in Coptic Hagiography.” In Actes du Huitieme Congres International d’idudes Coptes, Paris, 28 juin-3 juillet 2004, vol. 1, ed. Nathalie Bosson and Anne Boud’hors, 405-16. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 163. Louvain: E. Peeters, 2007. Chaillot, Christine. “The Diaconate of Women in the Coptic Orthodox Church.” Orthodox Outlook 3 […]

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Sunday

SUNDAY The weekly commemoration of the Resurrection and appearance of the Lord to His disciples (Jn. 20:19, 26). It falls on the first day of every week. Sunday has been kept by Christians since apostolic times as a day of joyful worship. Saint Paul and the Christians of Troas gathered on the first day of […]

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Water Jugs And Stands

WATER JUGS AND STANDS Throughout the Egyptian countryside, one often sees water jugs in front of houses, supported either by stands of solid stonework or by wooden tripods. These jugs are filled with water, then carefully plugged so that the contents are protected from insects and dust. The water, which seeps through the porous bottom […]

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Saturday

SATURDAY The seventh day of the week, the day on which Christ’s body rested in the tomb. The early Christians of Jewish origin continued to observe Saturday as the Sabbath, a day of rest and prayer. But the fact that the Resurrection and descent of the Holy Ghost on the apostles had taken place on […]

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Coptic Language And Literature Bibliography

COPTIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE BIBLIOGRAPHY Biedenkopf-Ziehner, Anne. “Koptologische Literaturubersicht, 1967/68.” Enchoria 2 (1972): 103-136; 6 (1976): 93-119; 10 (1980): 151-183. Emmel, Stephen. “A Report on Progress in the Study of Coptic Literature, 1996-2004.” In Huitieme congres international d’etudes coptes (Paris 2004) I. Bilans et perspectives 2000-2004, ed. Anne Boud’hors and Denyse Vaillancourt, 173-204. Cahiers de […]

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Al-Mu’aqqub

AL-MU’AQQUB Al-Mu’aqqub are hymns sung on Saturday evenings during the month of Kiahk. The last verse of each stanza is repeated as a precursor to the next stanza. The edited Psalmodia of Kiahk includes several hymns of Mu’ aqqub, one being of Old Cairo, some of which are in Arabic attributed to Abu al-Sa’ad from […]

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Costume Of The Religious

COSTUME OF THE RELIGIOUS The dress of hermits, monks, and secular clergy. When Christianity appeared in Egypt, the earliest converts, for the most part from a Jewish milieu, did not dress differently from their coreligionists. Jesus did not modify the dress of his disciples. He gave them only the injunction reported in Matthew 10:9-10: “Take […]

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Veneration Of The Cross

VENERATION OF THE CROSS Through the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the cross, which had previously been a method of punishment, humiliation, and disgrace, became a symbol of glory, honor, and spiritual joy. Matthew (24:30) calls it the sign of the Son of Man. Hence the veneration that Christians came to feel toward it, using it […]

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