Books

Apostolic Canons

APOSTOLIC CANONS A series of eighty-four or eighty-five canons that in Greek form the concluding chapter (47) of Book 8 of the Apostolic Constitutions (Funk, 1905, Vol. 1, pp. 564-94). The Sahidic Coptic version counts seventy-one canons, the Arabic series (Book 2 of the 127 Canons of the Apostles) fifty-six only, the same as the …

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Book Of Canonical Hours

BOOK OF CANONICAL HOURS A book containing the offices for the seven canonical hours. It includes all the prayers, Psalms, Gospel readings, and petitions to be said at the various hours by day and night, appointed in accordance with analogous points in the life and Passion of Jesus Christ. Canonical hours were appointed in conformity …

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Apostolic Succession

APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION This term refers to an unbroken chain of the spiritual authority of Church leaders that originated with the Apostles and continues to the present-day patriarch. It was used as an argument against Gnosticism from the second century onward. Hegesippus, in his memoirs against the Gnostics, mentioned for the first time the word diadoche, …

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Apostolic Tradition

APOSTOLIC TRADITION The Apostolic Tradition is a book traditionally attributed to Hippolytus of Rome. This book is a mine of information about liturgy and canon law. Scholars believe that this text was composed in the year 215 a.d. The original Greek of this text is lost. However, we have a Coptic and a Copto-Arabic translation …

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Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)

BRUCE CODEX (CODEX BRUCIANUS) Seventy-eight unbound papyrus leaves purchased in about 1769 in Upper Egypt by the Scottish traveler James Bruce, eventually acquired by the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Inscribed in Coptic, they date from the fourth or fifth century. The papyrus leaves are probably the remains of two independent codices: 31 leaves containing the …

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Coptic Church Review (CCR)

COPTIC CHURCH REVIEW (CCR) It is a quarterly journal published since 1980 by the Society of Coptic Church Studies, East Brunswick, New Jersey. Dr. Rodolph Yanney, Editor-in-Chief, founded CCR in order to address a significant void in English-language scholastic theological literature on the Coptic Church and the Coptic religious heritage. Born in 1929, Rodolph Yanney, …

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Coptic Encyclopedia

COPTIC ENCYCLOPEDIA (Atiya, Aziz Suryal, ed., 8 vols., New York: Macmillan, 1991). It is undoubtedly the most important reference tool for Coptic studies. The encyclopedia comprises approximately 2,800 entries signed by 215 scholars. They cover almost all aspects of Christianity in Egypt and as such represent an essential reference tool for anyone interested in Egypt’s …

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Coptologia

COPTOLOGIA An international journal that encourages research in the Coptic heritage, concentrating on Alexandrine theology and Coptic monasticism. It was founded by Fayek Ishak in 1981. Some of its publications are the Coptic Orthodox Mass and the Liturgy of St. Basil, the Horologion (al-Agbeya): The Book of the Seven Nocturnal and Daylight Canonical Prayers, and …

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The Twelve Virtues

THE TWELVE VIRTUES The Twelve Virtues seem to be a monastic tradition from Upper Egypt and are illustrated in a niche of Bawit (chapel 6). Chapel 42 contains another inscription mentioning the twelve virtues of the Holy Spirit. The Book of Ordinations mentions that the bishop says inaudibly: “ . . . Me, the poor …

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Zostrianos (NHC VIII, 1)

ZOSTRIANOS (NHC VIII, 1) A lengthy Sethian Gnostic apocalypse (132 pages of the manuscript) reported in the first person in the name of the prophet, Zostrianos, associated in antiquity with Zarathustra (Zoroaster). The title occurs at the end, to which is added: “Oracles of Truth of Zostrianos, God of truth, Teachings of Zoroaster.” Unfortunately, Codex …

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