is the formal declaration of a deceased person’s sanctity, whereby his or her name is added to the roll of the saints of the Church and commended for by the faithful. In the Roman Church, the authority to canonize is the prerogative of the Pope of Rome, who follows a very complicated procedure that dates back to the Middle Ages.

No historical literature on the process of in the exists. In most of the texts, it says that a church was built and named after a certain martyr. In the Coptic tradition, it is stated that St. Macarius the Great, according to , invited the brethren to the “ of the little strangers” (considering them as and saints).

No text can be found in Coptic organizing this procedure. Many relics were venerated (some recently discovered), among them the of Fayoum and Beshnufa. In recent times, the authority to canonize in the has rested with the Holy Synod.

GAWDAT GABRA