Canonization is the formal declaration of a deceased person’s sanctity, whereby his or her name is added to the roll of the saints of the and commended for veneration by the faithful. In the Roman Catholic Church, the authority to canonize is the prerogative of the Pope of Rome, who follows a very complicated procedure that dates back to the Middle Ages.

No historical on the process of canonization in the Coptic exists. In most of the hagiographical texts, it says that a was built and named after a certain martyr. In the Coptic tradition, it is stated that St. Macarius the Great, according to Palladius, invited the brethren to the “martyrdom of the little strangers” (considering them as and saints).

No text can be found in Coptic canon law this procedure. Many relics were venerated (some recently discovered), among them the of Fayoum and Beshnufa. In recent times, the authority to canonize in the Coptic has rested with the Holy Synod.