A town situated on the of the Nile about 4 miles (7 km) north of Bani Suef. Nearby are the estates that supply the food for the monasteries of Saint and Saint Paul (DAYR and DAYR BULA) near the Red Sea. These two estates appear to be relatively recent. The ancient texts speak only of Dayr al-Maymun, which was situated on the right bank a little farther to the north and seems to have been replaced by toward the end of the sixteenth century. In fact, J. VANSLEB was apparently the first European traveler to mention Bush, calling it “the farm of the religious of Saint Antony.”

Formerly, one crossed the Nile at al-Maymun to take the road for Dayr via Dayr al-Maymun, cited as such by d’Anglure in 1395 (1878, p. 68) and J. Coppin in 1638-1639 (1971, P. 204). But since that time, travelers cross the Nile at Bani Suef and take the road to Bayad al-Nasara on the east bank in order to reach the monastery (Vansleb, 1677, p. 295, and 1678, p. 178; Sicard, 1982, pp. 19, 23, 46). The OF THE PATRIARCHS (Vol. 3, pt. 3, pp. 164-268) mentions that in 1718 a delegation went to Bush, where it seized a monk of Dayr Bula and took him in chains to Cairo to be consecrated patriarch under the name of VI.

  • Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’Egypte à l’époque copte, pp. 366-70. Paris, 1893.
  • Coppin, J. Voyages Egypte, ed. S. Sauneron. Cairo, 1971. d’Anglure. Le Saint de Jherusalem. Paris, 1878.
  • Jullien, M. L’Egypte, pp. 62-64. Lille, 1891.
  • Meinardus, O. Monks and Monasteries of the Egyptian Deserts, pp. 221, 371-74. Cairo, 1961.
  •  . Christian Egypt, Ancient and Modern. Cairo, 1965, pp. 252-53; 2nd ed., 1977, pp. 355-56.
  • Sicard, C. Oeuvres, Vol. 1, ed. M. Martin and S. Sauneron. Cairo and Paris, 1982.
  • Timm, S. Das christlich- Ägypten in arabischen Zeit, pp. 742-47. Wiesbaden, 1984.
  • Vansleb, J. M. Nouvelle relation forme de journal d’un fait en Egypte en 1672 et 1673. Paris, 1677. Translated as The Present State of Egypt. London, 1678.

RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

MAURICE MARTIN, S.J.