A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Tanta in the province of Gharbiyyah.

Although Birma is listed in a number of scales and in a list of Egyptian bishoprics (Munier, 1943, p. 64), the town is rarely referred to in Christian- and no bishop for the place is attested in any source. The earliest mention of Birma in literature is as a geographical reference point for the place where the amir al-Juyush defeated the Kurds in 1077.

Patriarch MATTHEW I (1378-1409) had the relics of Saint George that were venerated in Birma brought to of in the Fayyum. In 1424, Patriarch GABRIEL V (1409-1427) returned the relics to Birma (Viaud, 1979, p. 30).

Birma has two Coptic churches, both of which are dedicated to Saint George. One of these churches was built in 1206 and later abandoned; the other was erected in 1611 (Viaud, p. 30).

  • Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’ a l’époque copte, pp. 101-102. Paris, 1893.
  • Munier, H. Recueil des listes épiscopales de l’église copte. Cairo, 1943.
  • Timm, S. Das christlich- Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, pt. 1, pp. 407-409. Wiesbaden, 1984.
  • Viaud, G. Les Pelèrinages coptes en Egypte. From the notes of Jacob Muyser. Cairo, 1979.