BANI KALB

A village, today called Bani Majda, situated on the left bank of the 3 miles (5 km) west of Manfalut (north of ASYUT). Al-Maqrizi (1853, Vol. 2, p. 506; 1845, pp. 42 [text], 101 [trans.]) mentioned a monastery there, uninhabited in his time (fifteenth century) but serving as a for the Christians of Manfalut. According to him, it was consecrated to the archangel Gabriel. However, J. Vansleb (1677, p. 361; 1678, p. 217) wrote that it is dedicated to the Gabriel and Raphael. S. Clarke (1912, p. 209, no. 2), who reproduced the official list of the patriarchate, gives Saint MICHAEL as patron of the church. Such permutations among the titulary archangels of churches are very common.

RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

MARTIN, S.J.