The Arabic name of an Egyptian town in the province of Gharbiyyah now known as Abbij. It lies in the western Delta about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of Kafr al-Zayyat. Muslim authors of the Middle Ages mentioned the town often. IBN HAWQAL, writing in the tenth century, said there were many churches and a mosque there. The existence of “many churches” in the tenth century suggests that the place must have had great importance for Christians in earlier centuries.
From Kellia al-Muna there is extant the gravestone of a monk named Goutinos, the son of Niamin, from Pebidj. The stone is probably to be dated to the sixth or seventh century and may have reference to the Babij that is now Abbij. It is possible that this town is also the Babij given in a colophon as the abode of the scribe of a manuscript dated to 1255 (Vatican Library, Arabic no. LX, fol. 125v).
- Timm, S. Das christlich-koptische Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, Vol. 1, pp. 274-75. Wiesbaden, 1984.