Ayn Murrah


The site of ‘Ayn Murrah, which means “bitter spring,” is not marked on any map, and is known only from references in books. It is to the northeast of Baris, halfway from the summit of the plateau, and hence in the region of the of the JABAL TAFNIIS, with which, however, it must not be confused. South of the spring are many walls in ruins.

These were obviously hermitages, as is confirmed by inscriptions painted in red, and in particular a long list of fathers, among whom we may recognize Moses, Apa Johannes, of Pake, Apa Hor, Apa Pimen, and others.


  • Winkler, H. A. Rock Drawings of Southern Upper Egypt, p. 117, pl. 7. London, 1938-1939.