ATHANASIUS KIRCHER (1602-1680)

A Jesuit scholar, professor. He was born in Geisa in Germany, and took his as a member of the Society of at Paderborn in 1620. In 1630 became a professor of philosophy, mathematics, and at Wurzburg. He produced the first Coptic grammar and lexicon in a Western language, which are considered major works in the field of Coptic studies. tried and failed to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics. However, he aroused interest in ancient Egypt.

His Coptic studies were of immense importance in the 1630s and 1640s. His Prodromus Coptus sive (Coptic or Egyptian Forerunner, 1636) and Lingua Aegyptiaca Restituta (The Restored Egyptian Language, 1643) were successful and became primary for Coptic studies at least for two centuries.

GAWDAT GABRA