pl. n. (osh-keh-NAH-zeem) The name given to the group of who were originally from Germany and France (and their ). Ashkenaz is the Hebrew name for Germany. The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression. In pre- Europe, Ashkenazim comprised 90 percent of world . Although millions were killed in the , the Ashkenazim still greatly outnumber the , the other large group of Jews. The majority of American Jews are Ashkenazim.

The holiday customs, , of Hebrew, and cuisine of the Ashkenazim distinguish them from the Sephardim. For example, Ashkenazim spoke Yiddish as their everyday , while Sephardim spoke Judeo-. Ashkenazim generally don’t eat and on , while Sephardim do. While Ashkenazim name their children in of a deceased relative, Sephardim name their children in honor of a living relative. adj. Ashkenazic.

  1. plural noun

adj. adjective

Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish and life-cycle events, culture, , the and other sacred texts, and worship. Each entry has a pronunciation guide and is cross-referenced to related terms.; “A JPS desk reference”–cover. (9). , : Jewish Publication Society.

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