Ark of the Covenant n. English According to Exodus, the ancient chest built by Moses at God’s command to house the stone tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. According to legend, it was a gold box with two large angels on it. After King Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem, the Ark of the Covenant was kept in the Holy of Holies. It was lost during the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 c.e.
c.e. n. English The abbreviation for “Common Era.” When writing the date, Jews often use the religiously neutral c.e. in place of a.d. (Anno Domini), which means “Year of Our Lord.” This is because Jews don’t believe that Jesus is the Lord, although they do mark time according to the year of his birth. For example, a Jew might write, “Columbus sailed to America in 1492 c.e.” 1492 c.e. is identical to 1492 a.d.
Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible and other sacred texts, and worship. Each entry has a pronunciation guide and is cross-referenced to related terms.; “A JPS desk reference”–cover. (9). Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society.