Apostolic Tradition

APOSTOLIC TRADITION

A liturgical treatise, previously known as the Egyptian Order, by the ecclesiastical writer and theologian of the Roman church, HIPPOLYTUS (170-236). The original Greek text was lost, but Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Latin have survived, the oldest being the Sahidic Coptic translation made about 500. The Arabic version was made from a Coptic text not earlier than the tenth century.

In his work Hippolytus described among other things the consecration of bishops, the of priests and deacons, and the sacrament of baptism. He gives the three catechismal steps of expression of in baptism in the following questions: “Do you believe in God the Father Almighty? Do you believe in Jesus Christ, the Son of God, Who was born of the and of Mary, Who was crucified at the time of Pontius Pilate, dead, and buried, Who rose from the dead on the third day, ascended to Heaven, and sat at the right hand of His Father, whence He will come to judge the quick and the dead? Do you believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, and the resurrection of the body?” Thereupon the priest anoints the baptized with consecrated oil, in the name of Jesus Christ.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Connolly, R. H. The So-called Egyptian Order and Derived Documents. Cambridge Texts and Studies 8, 4. Cambridge, 1916.
  • Dix, G. Treatise on Apostolic Tradition of St. Hippolytus of Rome, trans. with apparatus criticus and some crititical notes. London, 1934.
  • Hanssens J. M. La Liturgie d’. Rome, 1959.
  • Hauler, E. Didascaliae Apostolorum Fragmenta Veronensìa . Leipzig, 1900.
  • Horner, G. The Statutes of the Apostles (Ethiopic, Arabic and Bohairic). London, 1904.
  • Wilmart, A. “Un Règlement ecclésiastique du début du IIIe siècle, “La Tradition Apostolique’ de Saint Hippolyte.” In du clergé français 96 (1918):85.

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