APOSTOLIC TRADITION

A liturgical treatise, previously known as the Order, by the ecclesiastical writer and theologian of the Roman church, HIPPOLYTUS (170-236). The original Greek text was lost, but Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Latin versions have survived, the oldest being the Sahidic Coptic translation made about 500. The Arabic version was made from a Coptic text not earlier than the tenth century.

In his work described among other things the consecration ceremony of bishops, the ordination of and deacons, and the sacrament of baptism. He gives the three catechismal steps of expression of faith in baptism in the following questions: “Do you believe in God the Father Almighty? Do you believe in Jesus Christ, the Son of God, Who was born of the and of the Virgin Mary, Who was crucified at the time of Pontius Pilate, dead, and buried, Who rose from the dead on the third day, ascended to Heaven, and sat at the right hand of His Father, whence He will come to judge the quick and the dead? Do you believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, and of the body?” Thereupon the anoints the baptized with consecrated oil, in the name of Jesus Christ.

  • Connolly, R. H. The So-called Order and Derived Documents. Cambridge Texts and Studies 8, 4. Cambridge, 1916.
  • Dix, G. Treatise on Apostolic Tradition of St. of Rome, trans. with apparatus criticus and some crititical notes. London, 1934.
  • Hanssens J. M. La Liturgie d’Hippolyte. Rome, 1959.
  • Hauler, E. Didascaliae Apostolorum Fragmenta Veronensìa Latina. Leipzig, 1900.
  • Horner, G. The Statutes of the Apostles (Ethiopic, Arabic and Bohairic). London, 1904.
  • Wilmart, A. “Un Règlement ecclésiastique du début du IIIe siècle, “La Tradition Apostolique’ de Saint Hippolyte.” In Revue du clergé français 96 (1918):85.

ARCHBISHOP BASILIOS