FATHERS

is a name given to a group of authors who came just after the Apostles, such as of . According to Origen and , Clement was a disciple of St. and was mentioned in the Epistle to the 4:3. Ireneaus noted that he was the third of Rome after St. . He is commemorated in the Coptic on the 29th .

A part of his Epistle to the Church of survives in Coptic. Of the Epistle to the Virgins, the Greek are lost, but the complete text survived in Syriac. The contains chapters 1 to 8 wherein the meaning of virginity and the difference between virginity and celibacy is explained.

is considered the second bishop of this city. During the reign of (98-117 .), he was taken from Antioch to Rome in order to be thrown to the beasts in the arena. On his way to Rome, he wrote several begging the congregations not to intervene with the emperor for his pardon. Part of the story of his has survived in Coptic as well as some fragments of his letters.

lived in Rome in the beginning of the second century. He was the first to mention penance as a remedy for those lapsed in sins. In Coptic, we have parts of his book, the Shepherd. According to Eusebius, was the . In his youth, he met St. the Apostle who later ordained him bishop. He ended his life as a martyr. In Coptic, we have only a fragment of his letter to .

GAWDAT GABRA

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