APOCALYPSE OF JAMES (FIRST) (NHC V, 3)
A Gnostic revelation discourse in which the risen Christ presents esoteric revelation to his brother James. The title, “The Apocalypse of James,” is given at the beginning and the end of the text, which is followed in the manuscript by another “Apocalypse of James.” Among the revelations given by “the Lord” is a prophecy of James’ martyrdom in Jerusalem (which actually occurred in the year 62) and his victory over “the archons.”
In this text “the twelve disciples” are disparaged, and four women are favored: Salome, Mariam, Martha, and Arsinoe. Extant only in Coptic, 1 Apocalypse of James was originally composed in Greek, probably in second-century Syria.