The followers of Anthropomorphism believed that has a human () form or shape (morphe). This affair arose in the late fourth century and the beginning of the in Egypt, during the patriarchate of Theophilus of . The three tall monks of Nitria followed the allegorical of . Theophilus first supported them. In his letter of the year 399 a.d., he was inclined to adopt the incorporeity of but later he changed his mind.

In front of some monks who assembled in protest, he cried, “Looking at you, I see God’s face.” Theophilus then condemned Origenism and the followers of Origen. It should be mentioned that most of our knowledge of the reign of Theophilus of came from his opponents and especially Palladius (a close friend of John Chrysostom). However, monastic show him as a holy man and great champion of the monks.