Andrew Of Crete (660-740)

ANDREW OF (660-740)

A hymn writer and theologian who became archbishop of Gortyna in Crete. The Arabic Christian tradition has preserved for us at least six homilies of Andrew of Crete:

On the of Mary ( 97, cols. 805-820; 8170); On the Presentation of Mary in the Temple ( 97, cols. 861-81; Clavis Patrum Graecorum 8173); the First Homily on the Dormition of the Virgin (Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis 1121), which is very rare and therefore not published by in the Patrologia Graeca, nor mentioned by M. Geerard in his Clavis Patrum Graecorum, nor identified by G. Graf (1944); the Third Homily on the Dormition of the Virgin ( 97, 1089-1109; Clavis Patrum Graecorum 8183); on Saint Nicholas (PG 97, cols. 1192-1205; Clavis Patrum Graecorum 8187); and the on Penance (Clavis Patrum Graecorum 8219), which are not yet properly identified.

Only On the Presentation of Mary in the Temple is found in the Arabic tradition of the Copts. It is still unpublished, but it is found in at least three of Coptic origin (Coptic Patriarchate, Cairo, History 36, Graf, no. 564, Simaykah, no. 643, Egypt, 1717, fol. 38b-54b; National Library, Paris, Arabe 150, Egypt, 1606, fols. 193a-201a; and Vatican Library, Arabic 698, Egypt, 1371, fols. 139b-55b).

The homily was read at the liturgy on 3 Kiyahk. The incipit, following the Paris reads: “That the width of the earth could be surveyed by hand span or that the width of the ocean could encompass the surface “

This Arabic homily is also found in that are not of Coptic origin, such as Melchite and West Syrian origin eighteenth century (Oriental Library, Beirut, 510, Syria, pp. 520-25; Oriental Library, Beirut, 511, Syria, 1867, pp. 29-40; and National Library, Paris, 209, Western garshun, 1645, fols. 504a-17b, with an identical incipit).

No homilies of Andrew of are found in Coptic.

KHALIL SAMIR, S.J.