Anaphora Of St. Basil


The Anaphora of St. is considered one of three official anaphoras of the Coptic Church. Pope Gabriel ibn Turayk (1131-1145) declared in his that only the liturgies of St. Basil, St. Gregory, and St. Cyril are to be used, and he forbade the Christian inhabitants of Upper Egypt from using their many anaphoras.

There are four groups of this anaphora representing four geographical regions: Egypt, Syria, Armenia, and Byzantium. The Egyptian Anaphora of Basil, in contrast to the other three textual traditions, represents a substantially shorter version of the ian anaphora. The earliest of the Egyptian group is preserved on four small of written around the seventh century and discovered by Doresse. It is written in the Sahidic dialect.

Another fragment of the beginning of the anaphora was written on papyrus and discovered in the Monastery of al-Bali’zah. The Bohairic version survives in a rather large number of manuscripts, but they are mostly of a later date. The version of the Egyptian form survives in a dozen manuscripts dated between the 14th and the 19th centuries.

The first edition was published in Rome in 1636 and edited by Rufa’il (Rafael) al-Tukhi, but in all his editions, Tukhi did not respect the text of the original manuscripts. The best edition of the Anaphora of was published by Claudius and edited by Hegumen Abd al-Masih Salib in 1908. It provided different readings in the apparatus according to the manuscripts. This edition was reprinted several times by Hegumen Attalah Arsenius al-Muharaqqi in 1956 by the Commission for Publication in Bani Sueif in 1986, and by in 1997.

Another edition was published by the Society of the Sons of the Church in 1945, mainly based on the Abd al-Masih’s edition with some additional hymns and the Horologion (a fixed schedule of daily prayers or services). The Mahabah Bookshop published several editions of the in both Coptic and of the liturgies of and Gregory.