amoraim pl. n. Aramaic (ah-MOE-rah-eem) Literally, “explainers.” The ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Gemara, the legal and ethical commentaries on the Mishnah. Amoraim are contrasted with the tannaim, ancient rabbis who are quoted in the Mishnah. The Mishnah and Gemara compose the two sections of Jewish law known as the Talmud.
Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible and other sacred texts, and worship. Each entry has a pronunciation guide and is cross-referenced to related terms.; “A JPS desk reference”–cover. (6). Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society.