AMETHYST (ἀμέθυστος, Rev 21:20)

A variety of quartz of rock-crystal, of purple or bluish colour. from ἀ, ‘not,’ and μεθύσκειν, ‘to intoxicate,’ it was regarded as a against the effects of . Quaffed from a cup of amethyst, or by a reveller wearing an amulet of that substance, the vine-juice could not intoxicate. This was doubtless a case of sympathetic , wine being amethystine in colour. In the LXX ( 28:19, etc.) ‘amethyst’ stands for aḥlāmāh, a stone which was regarded as a charm against bad dreams. The amethyst was used as a gem-stone by the ancient , and largely employed in classical for . Naturally it was often engraved with Bacchanalian subjects. Being comparatively , it is inferior in to true gems, and is not to be confounded with the amethyst, a variety of corundum, or sapphire of amethystine tint, which is a very valuable gem of great brilliancy and beauty.



Strahan, J. (1916-1918). Amethyst. In J. Hastings (Ed.), Dictionary of the (2 Vols.) (J. Hastings, Ed.) (1:54). : Charles Scribner’s Sons.

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