Warning: A non-numeric value encountered in /home/web2cowi/public_html/wp-content/themes/astra/inc/class-astra-dynamic-css.php on line 3458
Al-Burullus - Coptic Wiki


A town in Egypt located somewhere between present-day Baltim and al-Burj on the eastern shore of Lake in the northern Delta.

Al- had a as early as the first third of the fourth century. Bishop Nonnas was in office in 339; he was succeeded by Bishop Nemesion (Munier, 1943, p. 9). Bishop Athanasius of al- attended the in 431 (Munier, 1943, p. 15). Among the most notable of the town’s was John, who lived at the end of the sixth and beginning of the seventh century (see Saint JOHN, Bishop of Parallos).

As a young man John used his inheritance to build a shelter for wanderers and the sick. He later became a monk in Scetis and then of al-Burullus. As bishop he had to deal constantly with sects and heretics, among whom were the followers of a monk who claimed to be inspired by the archangel Michael and to have been visited by the prophet Habakkuk. According to the SYNAXARION, John had their books burned.

Patriarch ISAAC (686-689) came from al-Burullus, which is an indication that the area came through the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the first half of the seventh century in relatively good shape. In the next century, during the time of Patriarch JOHN IV (775-779), there lived in al- a hermit named George who possessed the gift of prophecy.

When John’s son, the deacon Mark, refused to become of Misr (Cairo) and fled from the chains with which John had bound him, the patriarch wrote a letter to George complaining of his son’s behavior. George told John he should not be angry with his son and he promised John that Mark (see MARK II) would become the next patriarch.

Al- remained a Coptic bishopric until at least the eleventh century, as evidenced by the attendance of Michael of al- at a synod in Cairo in 1086 (Munier, 1943, p. 28). Not surprisingly the town is mentioned in the medieval Coptic- scales and in the lists of Egyptian bishoprics (Munier, 1943, pp. 46, 53, 65).

holds that the family of Jesus passed through al- on its FLIGHT INTO EGYPT.


  • Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’Egypte à l’époque copte, pp. 104-105. Paris, 1873.
  • Munier, H. des listes épiscopales de l’église copte. Cairo, 1943.
  • Timm, S. Das christlich-koptische Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, pt. 1, pp. 450-55. Wiesbaden, 1984.