Ahasuerus, King (ah-HOSH-vair-oash) The ruler of ancient (486-465 b.c.e) during the time of the story. According to the Purim megillah, Ahasuerus was a foolish king who allowed his adviser, Haman, to a plot against the . Ahasuerus was first married to Queen Vashti. He later took a girl, , as his bride.

b.c.e n. English The abbreviation for “Before the Common Era.” When the date, Jews often use the religiously neutral b.c.e. in place of b.c. (). This is because Jews don’t believe that is the , although they do measure time according to the year of his birth. For example, a might write, “The destruction of the First was in 586 b.c.e.” 586 b.c.e. is identical to 586 b.c.

Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish and life-cycle events, culture, , the and other sacred texts, and worship. Each entry has a guide and is cross-referenced to related terms.; “A JPS desk reference”–cover. (3). , : Jewish Publication Society.

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