Simplicity of personal attire has been no infrequent accompaniment of moral and religious earnestness, even when not matter of prescription. Two passages of the NT (1 Ti 2:9, 10, 1 P 3:3, 4) warn against excessive display in dress, fashion of the hair (see the art. Hair), and use of ornaments, and contrast it with the superior adornment of the Christian . At the end of the 2nd cent. both Alex. (Pæd. ii. 10f. [Eng. tr. 11f.]) and (de Cultu Feminarum) found it necessary to protest in much detail against the luxurious attire, etc., prevalent even amongst Christians of their day. The better adornment is frequently named in the intervening . The righteous, like their , are adorned with good works (1 Clem. xxxiii. 7), and with a virtuous and honourable life (ii. 8). Ignatius contrasts the adornment of to with that of a procession to some shrine (Eph. ix.).

The reference to the subject in 1 P 3:3, 4 has some psychological interest. The adornment which is is that of ‘the hidden man of the heart,’ the meek and quiet spirit which is in ’s sight, and incorruptible. This use of ‘man’ in the sense of personality suggests the well-known contrast between the inner and the outer man (2 Co 4:16; cf. Ro 7:22, Eph 3:16), and may be a further example of that dependence of 1 Peter on Pauline writings which is now generally (Moffatt, LNT2, p. 330). It has often been maintained (e.g. by Holtzmann, Lehrbuch der NT Theol. ii. 14, 15) that this contrast is a product of dualism. But it can be adequately explained from that psychology which is the real basis of the Pauline and ideas of personality. The heart (or, in Pauline terminology, the ‘mind’ [Ro 7:23]) is the inner personality, as the apparelled members are the outer personality. Both are necessary, according to Hebrew thought, to make the unity of the whole man. See further on this point the article Man.

Wheeler .

art. article.

  1. translated, .

LNT Introd. to Literature of the (Moffatt).

Robinson, H. W. (1916-1918). Adorning. In J. Hastings (Ed.), Dictionary of the (2 Vols.) (J. Hastings, Ed.) (1:43). : Charles Scribner’s Sons.

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