to ’s and submission to His will are essential for progressive spiritual life. Human nature being what it is, there is need for constant admonition (2 P 1:10–21). In the NT reference is made to this subject in its family, professional, and aspects.

  1. νουθετέω and νουθεσία (a later form for νουθέτησις) are not found in the NT outside the Epp., except in St. ’s speech, Ac 20:31. For the former see Ro 15:14, 1 Co 4:14, Col 1:28; 3:16, 1 Th 5:12, 14, 2 Th 3:15; for the latter 1 Co 10:11, Eph 6:4, Tit 3:10; cf. Is 8:16; 30:8ff., Hab 2:2f., 31:19ff. The terms are used in classical (e.g. Aristoph. Ranœ, 1009), but are more common in later Greek (, Josepbus). The root idea is ‘to put in mind’ (ἐν τῷ νῷ τιθέναι), to train by word, always with the added suggestion of sternness, reproof, remonstrance, blame (cf. Æsch, Prom. 264; Aristoph. Vesp. 254; , Gorg. 479A). The implication is ‘a monitory appeal to the νοῦς rather than a direct or censure’ (Ellicott). To is the duty of a father or parent (Eph 6:4; cf. Wis 11:10, Pss.-Sol. 13:8), or brother (2 Th 3:15). The object and reason of such admonition must be realized if it is to be a means of moral discipline. The admonition and of Col 1:28 correspond to the ‘repent and believe’ of the message.
  2. παραινέω signifies ‘recommend,’ ‘exhort,’ ‘admonish’ (Ac 27:9, 22; cf. 2 Mac 7:25, 26, 3 Mac 5:17; 7:12A). This word is common in classical Greek, and is also found in the . St. would be familiar with it as a term used for the advice of a physician. Its presence in a ‘We’ section is suggestive. St. Paul as a person of position and an experienced traveller gives advice in an emergency, as a skilled doctor would admonish a patient in a serious illness (see Hawkins, Horœ synopticœ, 1899, p. 153).
  3. χρηματίζω in the active signifies ‘transact business’ (χρῆμα), ‘give a Divine response to one consulting an oracle,’ ‘give Divine admonition’ (cf. Jer 25:30; 31:2, 40:8). The passive is used of the admonition given (Lk 2:26; cf. χρηματισμός, Ro 11:4, 2 Mac 2:4), and of the person thus admonished (Mt 2:12, 22, Ac 10:22; cf. 11:26 and Ro 7:3 where ‘called’ is the ; He 8:5; 11:7; cf. 12:25). This of ‘Divine oracle’ is found in the NT, with the underlying idea that the mind and heart must be suitably prepared for its reception. For private and public by , teachers, and communities, see Gal 2:14, 1 Th 2:2, 1 Ti 4:13, 2 Ti 4:2. See also Chastisement and Discipline.

Cariss J. Sidnell.

Sidnell, H. C. J. (1916-1918). Admonition. In J. Hastings (Ed.), Dictionary of the (2 Vols.) (J. Hastings, Ed.) (1:41). : Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *