Abu Tij


A town on the west bank of the Nile just south of the city  of in the province of Asyut. Abu served in antiquity as the depot for grain gathered for shipment to Rome. Accordingly it was known in Egyptian as Pa-Chna and in Greek as Apotheke, both of which mean “depot.” The Copts transliterated the Greek name and used it as their own designation for the city. The is based on this Greek-Coptic term.

The name of the town makes its first appearance in Christian in medieval Coptic- scales and the first attestation of a bishop in Abu is from the thirteenth century. The OF THE PATRIARCHS states that there was a of Abu Bishah just south of Abu Tij, in which the body of Abu Bishah and that of the martyr Bishyah or Bibsiyah were preserved in two chests. ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN apparently meant the same when he wrote that the were preserved in two chests in a church south of Abu Tij. A Coptic church of Macarius, the age of which is unknown, still stands in Abu Tij.

[See also: Pilgrimages.]


  • Amelineau, E. La Géographie de l’ á l’époque copte, pp. 11-12. Paris, 1893.
  • Timm, S. Das christlich- Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, pt. 1, pp. 57-59. Wiesbaden, 1984.