A parish priest in Cairo in 1549. Information about Abu al-Muna comes from two manuscript colophons. In A.M. 1266/1549-1550, he acquired a manuscript now in the Bodleian Library, 240, one of the most precious manuscripts of this period for the number of unique or rare texts it presents, among them Treatise on the Unity and the Trinity, the Incarnation and the of Christianity by AL-BUSHI, Treatise on the Priesthood by AGATHON OF HOMS, and of Proclus Concerning the Eternity of the World by John Philopon. Revealing remarkable artistic talent, he added seven folios and ornamentation. He records on fol. 260r that he was a minister of the of Qasriyyat al-Rayhan at Qasr al-Jama‘ (sic) in Old Cairo. Beeston (pp. 199-200) misread this and calls him Abu al-Muna Pallas Marcus.

The same year, A.M. 1266 (Simaykah read 1166), he transcribed a bilingual euchologion in Coptic and Arabic which contained the three eucharistic liturgies (Basil, Gregory, and Cyril), the office of incense, and the rite of the filling of the chalice. This manuscript is now lost, but it was at the Coptic Patriarchate of Cairo, in Harit Zuwaylah, in 1578-1579, where the qummus (see HEGUMENOS) Fadlallah found it and copied it. In January/February 1675 this copy was used as the model for the manuscript of the Coptic Patriarchate, Cairo (Liturgy 331; Simaykah, no. 790).


  • Beeston, A. F. L. “An Important Christian Arabic Manuscript in .” Classical and Philosophical Monographs 19 (1953):197-205.
  • Samir, K. Traité de Paul de Bush sur l’unité et la trinité, l’incarnation, et la vérité du Christianisme. Patrimoine Arabe Chrétien 4, pp. 15, 74-75. Beirut, 1983.