The Absolution is a prayer recited by a priest begging from God the remission of the sins of the people or of an individual repentant in accordance with the authority given in the Gospels (Matt. 16:18, 18:18; John 20:23). In the Coptic language, the word for this prayer means “freedom.”
A special feast for the Absolution took place in Middle Egypt, where we find that Christ promised the saint that he will tear up the deed of their (the faithful’s) sins. The Absolution is an integral part of any liturgical church service.
It is recited during the offering of incense (Vespers and Matins), the mass, the ceremony of matrimony, the Unction of the Sick, the genuflection, the Liturgy of the Water of the Basin, the burial services, and baptism. On many occasions, the priest reads the Absolution inaudibly. Some Absolutions are addressed to the Son, while others are addressed to God the Father.
The former are likely to date from the sixth and seventh centuries when Egyptian monks started to address prayers to the Son. It is important to mention that the priest recites the Absolution after the confession of the repentant.